Ngorongoro Conservation Area, and the Ngorongoro Crater
Ngorongoro is a fascinating and unusual Conservation Area which includes the Ngorongoro Crater at its centre. The Ngorongoro Crater is the world’s largest intact caldera in an exceptional geographical position, forming a spectacular bowl of about 265 sq km with sides up to 600m deep. It is the stalking ground of 20 – 30,000 wild animals at any one time, and then extends through the Crater Highlands. Here local tribes are permitted to maintain their traditional lifestyles in as natural environment as possible.
This extraordinary volcanic landscape is rich and fertile, with stunning craters and lakes, and the high altitude creates a malaria-free micro climate.
Wildlife and Game Viewing
The Ngorongoro Crater is said to have the most dense concentration of wildlife in Africa. As such, Ngorongoro Crater is world renown, and attracts a growing number of visitors each year. Even if time is limited this natural but accessible small caldera ensures an enjoyable safari.
Vegetation and Habitats
The crater floor consists of a number of ecological environments that include grassland, swamps, forests and Lake Makat, a lake filled by the Munge river. All these various habitats attract various wildlife to drink, wallow, graze, hide or climb. Although animals are free to move in and out of this contained environment, the rich volcanic soil, lush forests and spring source lakes on the crater floor tend to attract both grazers and predators who remain throughout the year.
Ngorongoro Crater is one of the most likely areas in Tanzania to see the endangered Black Rhino, as a small population are thriving in this idyllic and protected environment, one of the only areas where they continue to breed in the wild.